Motivation and Expectations
The international research center on environment and development (Cired) was founded in 1973 by Professor Ignacy Sachs at Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. In the wake of the Stockholm conference, the purpose of the laboratory was to study the tensions between environment, long-term resource management, and economic development. At Cired, Pr. Sachs developed the concept of ’eco-development’ as a way of reducing tensions between these variables by playing on lifestyles, technological choices and spatial planning. Today, Cired is still profoundly influenced by the challenge set up by its founder, i.e., responding to the Club de Rome’s thesis about limits to growth by devising strategies that articulate environmental and development goals — better known today as sustainable development.
Research programs conducted at Cired focus on the relationships between environment, natural resources and development, with focus on three key domains: energy, urban infrastructure, and agriculture and forestry—which imposes a constant dialogue between social sciences, natural sciences and engineering knowledge. To do so, the research team is pluridisciplinary, with people from diverse intellectual backgrounds, and Cired strives to preserve a good articulation between forward-looking modeling — viewed as a tool to integrate knowledge stemming from many disciplines — and more qualitative views about regulations, institutions and deliberation processes.
TEAM: Carine Barbier, Dorian Litvine
Field of Duty: Economic Co-Benefits (WP9)
Between 2009 and 2012, TEC conducted a pilot study, which became the starting point for the running HOPE project. A combination of anthropological, social and environmental approaches enabled us to conduct a series of qualitative interviews to investigate the perception and the effect of climate policies. The project HOPE offers an opportunity to design new lifestyles. In the future, private households are not to be held solely responsible for the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions. Rather, households are to be actively included. Therefore, it is crucial to investigate the effect of climate policies and the readiness of households to lead a more climate friendly lifestyle. This project presents the unique opportunity to analyze on a European level, how consumer behavior can be applied to promote a low-carbon lifestyle.
For over twelve years, the consulting agency TEC has been offering services in the environmental field for the public and private sector. The procedure is defined by modern methods, the environment constantly being the main priority. TEC can be viewed as a small experimental laboratory, working on developing climate friendly concepts to promote the change towards a low carbon society and lifestyle. We see ourselves as a junction in the growing network of innovative climate projects, which we accompany from the development phase to the testing phase, ultimately enabling practical execution.
TEAM: Ghislain Dubois, Sébastien Bruyère, Jean-Paul Céron
Field of Duties: Environmental Modelling, Technical Implementation (WP1, WP6)
Heidelberg Institute of Public Health
The Institute of Public Health has been investigating the health impacts of climate change for years. The project HOPE is an excellent opportunity to examine, to which extent there is a public awareness and/or understanding for the negative health effects of climate change. So far, our expectations are based on model calculations, which are scientifically renowned, but rarely receive any political recognition. As the public health is directly influenced by climate change, it is essential that the health aspect gains importance. This facet could contribute to creating more acceptance and understanding for climate policies.
At our institute, we are working on improving the public health in our own country, as well as others, including developing countries. For this purpose, we pursue an integrated and procedural approach. On the one hand, we train a series of experts from various countries and, in a second step, prepare them to develop their own projects. On the other hand, we examine health care systems from an international perspective, constantly being vigilant about a transfer of knowledge. The core specialty of our institute arose from this international exchange. Our field of research is the thorough investigation of the health impacts of climate change. We approach this issue with a two dimensional view. Firstly, we develop adaption strategies to counteract the negative effects of climate change, such as the increased spreading of malaria. These strategies are then tested and finally put into practice on-site. Further, we work on moving the health aspects in the spotlight of climate research and finally, establishing these alongside ecological and economic aspects as motives for action.
TEAM: Prof. Dr. Rainer Sauerborn, Dorothee Amelung, Florian Dorner, Helen Fischer, Valérie Louis, Alina Vandenbergh Hermann
Field of Duty: Health Modelling, Scientific Methodology & Publication (WP1, WP2, WP4, WP7)
UMEA – Department for Public Health and Clinical Medicine
The division of Epidemiology and Global Health is multidisciplinary with extensive international collaboration and world-leading research networks in its field. Epidemiology, the population perspective on health and the existence and causes of disease, is the core speciality of the environment. Generally the research teams include a mix of competencies, which is reflected in the different research methodologies employed. The overarching objective is to contribute knowledge that can promote health and prevent disease. Public health issues are approached locally and nationally in Sweden, as well internationally through collaborative projects in Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America. The division has one of the largest research groups in the world focusing on climate change and health. The research in the division also contributes to the development of health policies that can reduce inequalities in health status between and within countries. The division’s two-year Master programme in Public Health is the best in Sweden, the only two-year programme in public health that received the highest grade by the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education – “very high quality” in their last review in 2012.
TEAM: Maria Nelsson, Camilla Andersson, Bore Skold
Field of Duty: Individual Perception and behavioral change, qualitative methodology (WP5)
Our long-term cooperation with some project partners lead to the invitation to participate in the project HOPE. We gladly accepted this invitation, as the Western Norway Research Institute (WNRI) already conducted a number of household surveys on environmental consciousness and perception of climate change in the past years. Therefore, we have a great interest in introducing our experiences to the project HOPE and simultaneously expanding our knowledge in a comparative study. To this end, we delve into climate policies and the intertwining of the international level and national adaption strategies. Our special interest resides in the readiness of households to not only deal with climate policies reflectively, but also to consider own efforts. We are convinced, that our findings will provide important information for the creation of future climate policies.
Vestlandforsking was founded in 1985 in the administrative districts of Sogn and Fjordane as an independent institute for contract research. In close cooperation with the Sogn og Fjordane University College, we promote critical and application-oriented research on fields like tourism, environment, innovation and benefit analyses. Our work generates new knowledge, supports innovations, shape development policies and administration processes, by constantly creating new values. In pursuance of meeting the high standards of quality, we insist on providing a high level of transparency. The orientation of the institute reflects our work, as out projects have regional, national and international focal points.
TEAM: Carlo Aall, Marta Baltruszewicz, Karen Moberg
Field of Duty: Policy-Analysis (WP3)